Top Archaeological Sites in The World & Archaeological Travel

Machu Picchu: Discovered in 1911 by Hiram Bingham, Machu Picchu is located on a mountain top with an elevation of 9060 ft. It remains a one of the top man-made wonders and is breathtaking for millions of tourist who visit this amazing destination every year. This majestic ruin on top of an Andean Mount crest symbolizes the reverence of the Incas for this sacred site. These massive stone monuments date back to 1400 AD and remained intact until Spanish conquerors destroyed them to erase pagan worship in this region.

This extra ordinary city was well enclosed by the Incas and was invisible from below. The whole complex is surrounded by sloping terraces used for agriculture which produced enough to feed the residents. Perhaps it was so concealed and maintained by the Inca people to be used as a sacred sanctuary. The monuments erected from the grey granite from the mountain are unique and unparallel in historical, religious and architectural details. The building blocks are so huge and some of them weigh up to 50 tons and enjoined so skillfully that despite the lack of cement or mortar, the joints are almost seamless, top archaeological sites.

The Great Pyramids

The Great Pyramid is one of the most ancient human structures dating back to early history. They are of such a massive construct that has not been duplicated elsewhere.  Pyramids were raised from nearly 2.5 million sandstone blocks and were first covered in a case of polished limestone. It still confounds archeological researches how ancient Egyptians had acquired necessary Mathematical, Surveying, geographic and engineering genius to create such symmetrically accurate structures without modern machinery. The pyramids are witnesses that ancient civilizations like the Egyptians were far too advanced in technologies; top archaeological sites far beyond our conception.

The Roman Forum

The Romans are the next rival civilization to the Egyptians who gave the world a profusion of knowledge, discipline, conquest, architecture and numerous ancient treasures of knowledge still waiting to be solved by modern researchers. Rome is still a metropolis of ancient culture and architect with its thronging market places, adorned squares, historic churches and cathedrals, gigantic amphitheaters and sculpted figurines to mark the genius of this once conquering nation. But, despite all the attractions of Rome the most spectacular beauty lies within its nightlife when tourists from far off destinations stroll along the renowned Emmanualle Monument, Campidogilo and top archaeological sites the dreamy surroundings.

Baalbek

Baalbek, a complex of temples, dates back to nearly 5,000 years earlier and is situated in the hills of Lebanon. It is one of the most controversial sacred places of worship. Archaeological digs in the surrounding the Roman Temple of Jupiter have uncovered relics dating back to 2900-2300 BC. Baalbek is considered the birthplace of Phoenician god Baal and after the advent of Romans in 312 AD, massive architecture including temples and shrines were built in Baalbek. This city is dedicated to the sun god has the largest structures ever built by Romans. Modern and ancient builders are bewildered at the skill to move, transport and erect the massive rocks shaped specifically and measuring around 450-120 tons from one place to another. The signs of erosion on these rocks verify their antiquity to be far older than the other monuments top archaeological sites.